Gerund and Infinitive verbs

Grammar: Gerund and Infinitive verbs

posted in: Grammar Lessons | 0

In this lesson, we will learn how to use gerund and infinitive verbs in English. What are gerund and infinitive verbs? Let’s learn about them and how to use them.

Differences between gerund and infinitives

A gerund is the -ING form of a verb used as a noun. A gerund can be used as a subject and an object.
– Playing badminton is fun.
– I enjoy playing badminton
– He’s excited about playing badminton.

An infinitive verb is a base form of the verb with or without ‘TO”; go / to go, work, to work
It is hard to make dinner this late.
– I left for Russia to study Russian.

Common verbs followed by Gerunds

Gerunds are used as the objects of certain verbs. Common verbs that are followed by gerunds are listed below (Verb + gerund):

appreciate / enjoy  / mind /  quit (= give up) / finish (= get through) / avoid / stop
postpose (put off) / delay / keep (keep on) / consider / discuss / mention / suggest

Make sentences with the given words or phrases:
1. mind/open the window
2. finish/eat dinner
3. stop/rain
4. keep/work
5. avoid/get wet

Common Verbs followed by Infinitives

In English, there are some verbs following immediately by an infinitive, and it can be in negative form. Let’s look at the examples.

– I hope to see you again soon.
– My doctor advised me NOT to eat oily food.


List of common verbs followed by infinitives

hope to (do something)
plan / intend / decide / promise / agree / offer / refuse
seem / appear / pretend / ask / expect / would like to / want / need

Some other verbs are followed by a pronoun or noun object and then an infinitive. These verbs are followed immediately by an infinitive when used in passive form. Let’s learn about this through the examples below:

Kim asked me to help her with her homework. –> I was asked to help Kim with her homework (passive).
The police order the drivers to stop. –> The driver was ordered to stop(passive).

List of common verbs followed by pronoun or noun and infinitive.

tell / advise / encourage / remind / invite / permit / allow / warn 
require / order / force / ask / expect / would like someone to / want / need 

Lessons for Special expressions followed by -ING.

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