-ING verb forms are commonly used in English for everyday communication. In this lesson, we are going to learn about special expressions followed by -ING.
GO + Gerund
Go is followed by a gerund in certain idiomatic expressions to express, for the most part, recreational activities.
go hiking / go shopping / go birdwatching / go boating / go sailing
go dancing / go camping / go canoeing / go kayaking/ go fishing
go skiing / go jogging / go hunting / go skating / go sightseeing
go skateboarding / go swimming / go snorkeling / go window shopping
Special Expressions followed by -ING form
In English, there are some special expressions that are followed by an -ING form of the verb.
- a.) have fun/a good time + -ING
b.) have trouble/difficulty + -ING
c.) have a hard time/difficult time + -ING
– We had fun / We had a good time playing.
– I have trouble finding his house.
– I have difficulty talking to him.
– We had a hard/difficult time working with this team.
- a.) spend + expression of time or money + -ING
b.) spend + expression of time or money + -ING
– We spend most of our time learning English.
– He spent $10 buying that toy car.
– They wasted money buying the used boat.
- a.) sit + expression of place + -ING
b.) stand + expression of place + -ING
c.) lie + expression of place + -ING
– She sat at her desk writing a letter.
– I stood there wondering what to do next.
– The children are lying in bed reading comic books.
- a.) find + pronoun/noun + -ING
b.) catch + pronoun/noun + -ING
– When I walked into my office, I found George using my telephone.
– When I walked into my office, I caught a thief looking through my desk drawers.
* Note: both find and catch mean ‘discover”. Catch often expresses anger or displeasure.
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