In this lesson, we look at the form and use of present continuous. It’s important that we know when and how to use the present continuous tense.
Forms – Positive, Negative, and Question
Let’s look at the sentences below:
You are revising English now for the exam.
You are not working now.
Why are you sleeping? It’s working time.
I am sitting now. I am not standing.
Is he talking on the phone?
They are reading their English books or French ones. They are not watching television.
What are you doing?
Why aren’t you doing your homework?
Making -ING form of verbs
For most verbs, we just add -ING after the verbs:
work – working
read – reading
sleep – sleeping
But with the verb ending with -e, we take away -e, then add -ING.
drive – driving
write – writing
ride – riding
With the verbs ending with 1 vowel + 1 consonant, we double the consonant and add -ING.
sit – sitting
swim – swimming
hop – hopping
cut – cutting
We don’t double consonants when adding -ING in the following cases.
1. when it is -y or -w
play – playing
bow – bowing
2. when the last syllable is not stressed.
remember /rɪˈmembə(r)/ – remembering
visit /ˈvɪzɪt/ – visiting
With the verbs ending with -ie, we change -ie into -y, then add -ING
tie – tying
die – dying
lie – lying
How to use Present Continuous tense
Present simple tense uses very often in spoken English. Let’s learn when it is used and how to use it in different situations.
- When talking about something happening now at the time of speaking.
– I’m cooking now. I can’t answer the phone.
– He’s watching TV. He isn’t doing his homework.
- We use present continuous to talk about something in progress.
He’s reading a book. And he’s at chapter 5. And The book has 12 chapters. He’s reading it. He doesn’t finish the reading.
- when making complaints about repeating actions, or irritating actions with ‘always”, ‘constantly’.
– She is always coming to class late.
– He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.
– I don’t like them because they are always complaining.
Common verbs that are usually non-continuous
Below is list of common verbs that are usually non-continuous.
Học tiếng Anh qua kênh Youtube
Ben English Class thành lập kênh youtube tên “Học Tiếng Anh” và thường xuyên đăng các video clip dành cho việc học tiếng Anh. Hãy đăng ký kênh để không bỏ lỡ các video mới của chúng tôi.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OwstVeG-_ok
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